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Folic Acid in Pregnancy

Folic acid is a B vitamin otherwise known as vitamin B9, also called as Folate. It is a water soluble vitamin, that helps to produce new cells and maintain the same. Also, they prevent DNA changes that may lead to cancer. It is considered to be Pregnancy Superhero!

It is recommended that all should take prenatal vitamin along with Folic acid (400 mcg recommended) before and during pregnancy every day due to its following advantages.

Folic acid’s importance during pregnancy:
During pregnancy, your body works overtime to ‘build’ the baby. And it requires plenty of nutrients to build a hale and healthy baby. Folic acid plays a superhero in the first few weeks of pregnancy, as it helps in the proper closing of the neural tube, which is the precursor to the baby’s brain and spinal cord.
So, Folic acid helps to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs) which are serious birth defects of the spinal cord (such as spina bifida-incomplete development of spinal cord) and the brain (such as anencephaly- incomplete development of major parts of brain) in baby.
It helps in creation, repair and functioning of your genetic map i.e. DNA, which is the basic building block of the cells.
Folate aids in the formation of Red Blood Corpuscles (RBC) in your baby.
It helps in the formation of the fetal heart and circulatory system and also in lowering the chances of your baby having birth defects.
It reduces pregnancy complications like preeclampsia, a condition in which the pregnant woman has high blood pressure and swelling of feet, legs, and hands.
It is said that folic acid could prevents cleft lip and palate in babies, prevents miscarriages if taken before a month of planning for a pregnancy too.
Also your body needs folic acid to produce normal RbCs to prevent it from Anemia.

Pregnancy Week 1

A Complete Information Guide on Pregnancy Week 1
When you are pregnant with only 1 week, then you are actually not pregnant. Surprised? Yes, it is true.

During the 1st week (hoping to be pregnant soon) of pregnancy is a week of your ongoing periods. Track your menstrual cycle to know your Ovulation Period as the best possible time of getting pregnant fast is around ovulation. Ovulation is a time when a mature egg/ovum is released from an ovary, pushed down via Fallopian tube and is available to be fertilized. Ovulation occurs in mid-cycle.

Two days before ovulation and two days after ovulation is the best possible time for you to conceive. (It is considered best possible time because ovum/egg survives for 48 hours i.e. 2 days and sperms survive for 72 hours i.e. 3 days). This is the reason this period is called “the fertile window” period/days. Thus, by tracking your ovulation, you will get to know the days when you are most fertile. So, if you will have with your partner in that phase i.e. fertile window period/days and you get lucky enough (if your partner’s sperm meets ovum), the fertilization will happen and thus you will conceive.

Pregnancy Week 2

A Complete Information Guide on Pregnancy Week 2
When you are pregnant with 2 weeks, then you are not pregnant. Pregnancy week 2 is an ovulating week.

(When you will come to know about your pregnancy, you would be probably around 4 weeks pregnant or may be 5 weeks pregnant.)

Once the menstrual cycle is over, a new ovum/egg starts forming which results in Ovulation during this week. Ovulation is a time when a mature egg is released from an ovary, pushed down via fallopian tube and is available to be fertilized. It is important to know your Ovulation Period as the best possible time of getting pregnant fast is around ovulation.

Two days before ovulation and two days after ovulation is the best possible time for you to conceive. (It is considered best possible time because ovum/egg survives for 48 hours i.e. 2 days and sperms survive for 72 hours i.e. 3 days). This is the reason this period is called “the fertile window” period/days. So, if you will have with your partner during this phase i.e. fertile window period/days, there are chances of meeting an egg with your partner’s sperm and the fertilization will happen and thus you will conceive. Thus, track your fertile days and get to work as you have a baby to make!

Pregnancy Week 3

As in the previous week, ovulation occurred. (Ovulation is a time when a mature egg/ovum is released from an ovary, pushed down via Fallopian tube and is available to be fertilized by meeting a sperm). Now your partner’s sperm will meet your ovum and the fertilization will occur. If this is successful then you are Pregnant! So, from this week on wards, your baby will start to form. You have conceived.

The surprising fact is out of millions of sperms only one sperm can meet an egg/ovum. The meeting of sperm and ovum is necessary to fertilize further.

Note: Once the sperm is able to fertilize an egg, Pregnancy starts.

Fetal Development in Pregnancy Week 3:
It takes nearly about 10 to 30 hours to get an egg fertilized by merging with sperm’s nucleus and get transformed into a genetic material. Once an egg gets fertilized, it is to be known as ‘zygote’. (For healthy zygote your ovum should be of an adequate size i.e. 16mm-20mm. This in further lead to healthy pregnancy and chances of abortion are decreased.)

Within the hours of fertilization, a zygote, moves from Fallopian tube to a uterus. This zygote is now divided into 16 identical cells. These cells are somewhere yellowish in color and are known as Corpus Luteum. These cells will produce required pregnancy hormones which are progesterone and estrogen to support your pregnancy till more ten weeks, till the placenta is completely formed.

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